Temasek Foundation champions sustainability and innovative solutions to improve liveability in an abc World of active and productive economies, beautiful and inclusive societies, and a clean and cool earth. We fund and support ideas and innovations that bring about solutions, systems and capabilities to address various challenges, particularly environmental, healthcare and other adversities affecting the population as whole. This includes transforming vulnerabilities brought about by such adversities into opportunities. Here is a list of some innovations supported by Temasek Foundation.

S/No Innovation Description

1

Carbon dioxide removal from seawater

Partner : Seachange, Inc

Impact : Weather & Climate

Seachange will deliver a gigatonne-scale solution to reduce CO₂ atmospheric accumulations to meet the global goals of limiting global temperature rise to 1.5°C. The technology delivers an electrochemical process that extracts CO₂ from the seawater and sequesters it in the form of carbonates. This process uses a first-of-its-kind electrolytic flow reactor, producing hydrogen as a co-product, and can be powered completely by renewable energy. This ensures energy efficiency and permanent CO₂ removal. 

2

Producing clean and sustainable lithium

Partner : NEU Battery Materials

Impact : Energy

NEU aims to reduce mass pollution generated from both raw materials mining and current battery recycling techniques. With NEU’s patented scalable electrochemical separation recycling technology, lithium batteries are recycled in a clean and sustainable manner to produce battery grade raw materials. This creates a circular value chain and reduces the supply risks for lithium batteries. 

3

Biodegradable plastics

Partner : RWDC Industries Pte Ltd

Impact : Waste Management

Plastic straws are a major contributor to plastic waste pollution. The sheer volumes involved, the nature of the product (one-use, almost on a daily basis), and the high incidence of leakage from our waste management systems make straws particularly problematic. RWDC will produce single-use drinking straws made from a biopolymer called polyhydroxyalkanoates. The key objective of the project is to replace single-use plastic straws with a certified biodegradable straw.

4

Producing low-cost green hydrogen

Partner : 3G&S Technologies Pte Ltd

Impact : Energy

Hydrogen is a source of green energy that can replace fossil energy. 3G&S aims to produce green hydrogen through the electrochemical reforming of agave juice. The hydrogen produced is expected to cost much less than other methods of production.

5

Utilising carbon dioxide to produce syngas

Partner : 3G&S Technologies Pte Ltd

Impact : Weather & Climate

3G&S proposes converting CO2 from a liability to an asset through carbon capture and reuse. This is done in a low-temperature, liquid-phase electrochemical process that converts CO2 into syngas (carbon monoxide and hydrogen). The syngas produced will be at a ‘green discount’, which can then be fed into a myriad of downstream applications to produce products such as sustainable aviation fuels and basic chemicals.

6

Sustainable food-grade protein production

Partner : Sophie’s BioNutrients Pte Ltd

Impact : Food & Nutrition

Sophie’s BioNutrients aims to develop a new sustainable alternative protein from a proprietary strain of microalgae. The algae has 60 per cent of protein, which has high quality essential amino acids profile, exceeding World Health Organisation’s requirements for protein products. The company will produce, from the fermentation of algae biomass, a high quality and nutritious protein flour suitable for food products, supplements, and functional food applications. 

7

Cell-based milk

Partner : TurtleTree Labs Pte Ltd

Impact : Food & Nutrition

TurtleTree Labs is the first biotech company in the world with the ability to create milk from all mammals in a sustainable way, without compromising on nutrition, taste and quality. Using the proprietary cell-based methods, they have the potential to transform the dairy and nutrition industry to move towards a more sustainable future.

8

Plant-based whole egg substitute

Partner : Float Foods Pte Ltd

Impact : Food & Nutrition

Float Foods aims to innovate, develop and advance Singapore’s plant-based foods ecosystem, contributing to Singapore’s food safety, whilst being sustainable, caring for our environment, and enabling consumers to eat healthy, nutritious foods. The company will develop a plant-based substitute for whole eggs, using alternative proteins to contribute to Singapore’s food security and to build a more secure food system.

9

‘N95’ respiratory masks for children

Partner : Innosparks Pte Ltd

Impact : Air & Cooling

Innosparks Pte Ltd had successfully developed the AIR+ Smart Mask and Micro Ventilator for primary-school going children seven years old and above. The AIR+ Kids is intended to develop a new range of AIR+ mask and micro ventilator specifically tailored for even younger children aged three to six years old. The mask is 3D-shaped, which enables more filtration whilst ensuring comfort for the wearer. The innovative pleated material in the central panel enhances breathability, whilst an adjustable behind-the-head harness allows for ease of donning the mask.

10

Vanadium redox flow batteries

Partner : V-Flow Tech Pte Ltd

Impact : Energy

Reliable energy storage is key to ensure we can harness the power of renewables, which are plagued by intermittency. Flow battery technology is the safest option and will be the best choice to power grid-scale applications. V-Flow Tech aims to develop a 10 kW-100 kWh flow battery to demonstrate the battery use in powering corridor lighting at an office building in Singapore. The battery will have a lower cost of storage as compared to lithium batteries, and a life-span of 25 years.

11

Liquid-cooled servers for brownfield data centres

Partner : CoolestDC Pte Ltd

Impact : Energy

Cooling of data centres in the tropics is challenging due to our hot and humid climatic conditions. The power density of servers are also getting higher with every new generation of CPU and GPU chips, so much so that air cooling is no longer able to effectively handle the amount of intense heat generated by the servers. CoolestDC’s solution therefore aims to employ liquid-cooled compute pod technology, in which a combination of liquid- and air-cooling solutions are used to cater for different components on the servers. This will aim to deliver significant energy and water savings as compared to air-cooled solutions, and can retrofit brownfield data centres.

12

Fibre-derived sugar

Partner : Allozymes Pte Ltd

Impact : Food & Nutrition

Sugar is a major ingredient in a variety of foods, but overconsumption is linked to common chronic conditions such as diabetes. Allozymes aims to manufacture a healthy and natural sugar alternative from sustainable biomass such as rice husks. Allozymes uses its proprietary platform to identify and engineer specific enzymes to convert the biomass into sugar. This low-caloric sugar contains dietary fibres which prevent spikes in blood glucose levels (low GI) thereby presenting as a healthy sugar alternative. It also aims to be a direct replacement for table sugar with its similar food processing properties such as sweetness and caramelisation.

13

Decentralised carbon capture for urban spaces 

Partner : Singapore University of Technology and Design

Impact : Weather & Climate

SUTD has developed a potentially disruptive solution in the form of a low-energy decarboniser unit that can be implemented in land-scarce urban states with a high population density. They aim to pilot its decarboniser units to capture at least 50 per cent of carbon dioxide in buildings, and establish the offtake of the carbon dioxide to end-user utilisation streams. Modular decarboniser units will be integrated within the air-handling units of buildings.

14

Ion deposition membrane for central cooling

Partner : DryAir.Engineering Pte Ltd

Impact : Air & Cooling

DryAir Engineering aims to address pressing needs of countries like Singapore where air conditioning is a significant portion of the total energy consumption. The company will manufacture and demonstrate air-drying demonstration products based on ion deposition membrane (IDM) that have very low energy consumption and is scalable in a city living environment. They will also develop additional data for the optimisation of the IDM and test prototype units for use in tropical areas like Singapore.

15

Smart cooling system for brownfield buildings

Partner : INTEREL

Impact : Air & Cooling

INTEREL aims to optimise cooling in living and workspaces using advanced detection of presence or occupancy of units, as well as sections of spaces such as open plan offices. The solution includes the ability to retrofit their system into existing properties with minimal effort, and deliver energy savings across the build environment sector.

16

Low glycemic index flour

Partner : Hoow Foods Pte Ltd

Impact : Food & Nutrition

Diabetes is an increasing problem in Singapore. Flour is an ingredient that is highly featured in a large variety of foods we eat every day. Unfortunately, it consists largely of highly digestible starch and this translates into the high glycemic index of the final food products such as breads and noodles. Hoow Foods aims to create a cost-effective “Low GI Flour” that will be able to substitute standard flour in the same variety of foods. This will allow consumers to enjoy conventionally high GI foods with less concern that their blood glucose will spike.

17

Commercially viable cell-based meat

Partner : Ants Innovate

Impact : Food & Nutrition

The production of cell-based meat is expensive, due to the high costs for culture media for growing of cells. Ants Innovate will produce cell-based pork products using their cell essence and engineering technologies, reducing the cost of the product to less than S$40 per kilogram. The proprietary technology will also allow the development of a range of pork products, as well as other meat products such as mutton or beef in the future.

18

Biodegradable food wrap

Partner : Bountifood Pte Ltd

Impact : Waste Management

Most of the packaging materials used in supermarket and food services are made from petroleum-based plastics, which cannot be recycled, are non-degradable for 400 years and has a huge environmental impact. Bountifood’s solution uses prawn shells from food processing side-streams to undergo a proprietary fermentation process to extract Chitin and then Chitosan. The extracted Chitosan will be used to create biodegradable clingwraps for food packaging.

19

Sustainable food packaging

Partner : Alterpacks Pte Ltd

Impact : Waste Management

Alterpacks develops and owns the Alterpacks Biodegradable Composite technology to create biodegradable composite material in the form of pellets made from side streams from food manufacturing. It is a viable alternative to petroleum based plastics and styrofoam. The pellets will be compatible to existing commercial process and equipment.

20

Marine biodegradable packaging material

Partner : pFIBRE Pte Ltd

Impact : Waste Management

Many fast-moving consumer goods are currently made from plastics that are washed into the ocean and create pollutants in the environment. pFIBRE aims to manufacture a marine biodegradable resin that will be a viable alternative to plastic materials used in fast-moving consumer goods. The resin is produced by a proprietary blend of ingredients and will be compatible to existing commercial process and equipment. The first application of this resin is in detergent pods.

21

Rapid microbial detection in food

Partner : Biopsin Pte Ltd

Impact : Food & Nutrition

Food safety is a critical area of concern due to frequent instances of food-borne outbreaks occurring worldwide. The current or conventional method of microbial detection is lab-based and takes 5-15 days to get the results. Biopsin aims to develop an industry-standard prototype to enable rapid and gold-standard detection of pathogens in food and beverages with a time reduction of at least 90 per cent. With quicker detection of potential safety issues, this can prevent further food recalls and disease outbreaks.

22

Propagation of endangered native tree species

Partners:

Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory and National Parks Board

Impact : Biodiversity

Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory and National Parks Board aim to identify species of endangered native trees that are important to our local ecosystem, but are difficult to propagate. They will screen and selectively propagate these tree species via tissue culture techniques, and reintroduce them back into their habitats through community mass planting in Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, thereby contributing to our One Million Trees movement.

23

Biodiversity for dragonfly habitat

Partner : Garden City Fund

Impact : Biodiversity

Presently, dragonflies are recognised as flagship species in freshwater conservation. In the urban context, they are important ecosystem service providers. The project will establish dragonfly habitat at Jurong Lake Gardens, as well as investigate the predatory role of dragonflies on insect pests using innovative methods e.g. gut diet analysis.

24

Pollination using mini-drones

Partner : Polybee Pte Ltd

Impact : Food & Nutrition

Polybee aims to pollinate crops in environments where bees cannot do so, such as indoor vertical farms. Bees are recognised as the main pollinators of hermaphroditic flowers such as strawberries, tomatoes and pepper. These crops are also the first in the pipeline for indoor vertical farms. Controlled airflow has not been sufficiently investigated as a tool for pollinating hermaphroditic flowers. Polybee aims to exploit the wake around a small-sized quadrotor drone to pollinate strawberry flowers as a first step.

25

Thermal energy storage

Partner : Natflow Pte Ltd

Impact : Energy

Natflow aims to test-bed a compact cool thermal energy storage system for buildings. They will apply phase change material as a medium for developing a compact thermal energy storage system, and reduce cooling energy wastage in meeting the minimum chiller load for higher efficiency by means of thermal energy storage.

26

Low-weight vacuum reefers

Partner : Latheacond Technologies Pte Ltd

Impact : Energy

Demand for refrigerated containers or reefers is increasing, which leads to ever-increasing energy demand from shipping companies and ports to support this expansion. Latheacond Technologies aims to construct and demonstrate feasibility of an innovative hypobaric transportation and storage system for perishable products that can reduce energy demand by 30 per cent, without any significant increase in comparable weight and cost.

27

Plant ionisers for air purification

Partner : Zero2.5 Biotech Pte Ltd

Impact : Air & Cooling

Zero2.5 Biotech aims to regulate and effectively lower PM2.5 concentration in the air using an ionised planter system. Zero2.5’s plant-based shared negative air ion emission system can stimulate a cluster of plants to generate more than 2000 NAIs/cm3 (Negative Air Ions), which renders surrounding air similar to the air quality in forested areas or nearby waterfalls.

28

Smart noise barrier

Partner : Temasek Laboratories

Impact : Noise

Temasek Laboratories is developing a tunable acoustic absorber to mitigate the noises from railways in Singapore. The company will develop a smart quiet barrier based on acoustic metasurface, metamaterial and tunable transparent material, which can be installed on both the barrier wall and the passing train such that noises generated can be absorbed quickly. In addition, the absorption spectrum of the smart quiet barrier can be tuned to target the main noise, for example, the rumble of a heavily loaded train, the pitch of a lightly loaded train, or the high pitch of a train changing tracks.

29

Hydrogen fuel cells

Partner : EPS (S) Pte Ltd

Impact : Energy

EPS aims to enhance the living conditions in Singapore using renewable energies. Their EnerShift renewable energy storage solution allows mobile power systems to operate for long durations autonomously delinked from daily and seasonal climatic conditions by integrating different storage technologies. The key differentiator in EnerShift is the fuel cell system and energy management module that allows continuous flow of power to applications between the system and the grid.

30

Hydrogel to lower humidity

Partner : National University of Singapore

Impact : Air & Cooling

The National University of Singapore has developed a novel coating that could potentially reduce the relative humidity in an outdoor environment from as high as 90 per cent to a more comfortable 60 per cent. The coating is made out of two separate layers. The outer layer has the ability to absorb water moisture from the air better than the existing desiccant materials commercially available (Silica gel and Calcium Chloride) by up to eight times.

31

Black soldier flies

Partner : National University of Singapore

Impact : Waste Management

The National University of Singapore aims to optimise black soldier flies for food recycling via artificial selection. This part of the project will improve the utility of the insects for recycling. The project will also establish a pilot plant capable of handling one tonne of waste per day. This will demonstrate that food recycling with black soldier flies is feasible and economically viable.

32

Urban farming on building walls

Partner : Netatech Pte Ltd

Impact : Food & Nutrition

Netatech is test-bedding their prototype, Vertical FoodStage, at an existing building to produce leafy vegetables of higher yield at a commercial scale. Having a farm on the façade wall of HDB flats will also bring food production close to the residents, which offer job opportunities to the residents, produce fresh food for the community as well as increase awareness of how food is produced especially for the young generation. The Vertical FoodStage also pushes the boundary of food security through the growing of rice in an urban setting.

33

Perovskite solar energy glass panels 

Partner : Prominence Photovoltaics Pte Ltd

Impact : Energy

Prominence Photovoltaics has developed printable perovskite solar windows. Given Singapore’s land constraints, this will enable our vertical spaces to generate renewable energy. The building-integrated photovoltaics solution offers a sustainable, cost effective solution for solar cells by utilising low-cost materials and processing techniques.

34

Solid state cooling fans

Partner : Phononic, Inc

Impact : Air & Cooling

Phononic aims to develop a first-of-its-kind solid state cooled outdoor fan designed to provide sustainable, comfortable, and distributed cooling comfort to outdoor urban areas in Singapore. Base on thermoelectric technology, this solution will revolutionalise how we live, work, and play outdoors.

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